Pomeranian Dogs

Pomeranians are little dogs with “big dog” personalities. While lively, friendly and fun, they can be slightly territorial. They grow very attached to their owners and can develop a protectiveness that makes them suspicious of strangers. This not only makes for a loyal, tried-and-true companion, it makes for a superb watchdog. Pomeranians, though small, can really deliver on the barks when a stranger approaches the house.


Pomeranian Pictures

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Quick Facts

  • 3 - 7 pounds
  • 7 - 12 inches

Ideal Human Companions

    • Singles
    • Seniors
    • Apartment dwellers
    • Couch potatoes
    • Celebrities

Pomeranians on Dogster

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Trademark Traits

    • Small and fluffy
    • Lively and alert
    • Clever and eager to learn
    • Willful and headstrong

What They Are Like to Live With

In spite of this protectiveness, Pomeranians are not too clingy or codependent. And they’ll get along with every member of the family, including other pets, as long as they’re introduced properly.

Intelligent, busy and curious, they have a lovable independence. But they crave your attention and playtime, sometimes responding by standing on their hind legs and barking happily.

Things You Should Know

Pomeranians can sometimes be stubborn and willful, and they can easily dominate a weak-willed owner. A firm but friendly hand is needed day-to-day, especially when it comes to their barking. Pomeranians love to bark and bark and bark, sometimes for arbitrary reasons. If taught at an early age to limit the noise, they will.

Always keep Poms on a leash. Like other proud and small breeds, they are blissfully unaware of their size. They have the tendency to “take on” larger dogs, so always keep them close and protect them from conflict.

Pomeranians can shed quite a bit and need daily brushing to prevent tangling. Check their ears and ears regularly, and make sure they get scheduled visits to the dentist—Pomeranians’ teeth tend to gather tartar easily. They are very happy living in apartments as long as they get regular exercise and human interaction.

A healthy Pomeranian can live as long as 15 years. Common health issues include eye problems, dislocated kneecaps, tooth loss and molting.

Pomeranian History

Descended from the Spitz family—specifically the sled dogs of Lapland and Iceland—Pomeranians were originally big, sturdy herders of sheep. Over time, they were bred down to a smaller size, becoming cherished pets of Marie Antoinette, Mozart and (famously) Queen Victoria, whose preference for small Pomeranians created a worldwide demand. During the late 1800s they came to the U.S., and the American Pomeranian Club held its first show in 1911. Ever since, their good temper and small size have made them an enduring favorite in the U.S.

The Look of a Pomeranian

Overall, Pomeranians have a poised and proud carriage. Compact, sturdy and fluffy with slightly rounded, wedge-shaped heads, straight muzzles and pointy ears, they sometimes have a fox-like appearance. They have dark, deeply set eyes and an overall alert and lively expression. Their undercoats are dense and soft, their outer coats rough, profuse and puffy, while their feathered tails curl over the back. Coats can be nearly any color, but the most common are red, orange, off-white, brown or black.

Talk About Pomeranians 

My Pom sees dead people

I have, and love, the most wonderful Pomeranian in the universe! Her name is Emma, and she is the joy of my life. She is extremely intelligent, and knows so many words and phrases, she surprises even me. When I turn on a street where one of her "loved ones" lives, she immediately stands up on the dashboard of our car, and starts wagging and wiggling.

I know you probably won't believe this, but I'm positive she sees "dead people." About once a week, she will stand or sit in front of the chair or sofa in our living room and stare and start to growl. One time, even though she is very brave and protective, she actually went up to our sofa, growled, and ran and hid under the chair! She came out several times, but would always go back to her hiding spot. After an hour or so, she came out and relaxed; apparently the "ghost" had left the premises.

She understands phrases, and when she wants something, I start asking her what she wants. When I get to the right thing, she starts the "Pomeranian whirl" and I know I've hit it. On the downside, she is extremely vocal, and her barking can sometimes be a real problem, as well as her determination to protect our car at all costs!! No one DARES to approach our car, not even the people she adores, if the windows are closed. Emma doesn't care for anything on wheels, except cars, and lets everyone know. However, all things being equal, I have never had a more loyal, loving, and precious dog, and wouldn't trade her for a billion dollars.

If you want a perfect companion, and can appreciate their extreme intelligence, albeit sometimes headstrong behavior, you will never have a more perfect girl or boy in your life than a precious Pom!

~marilyn, owner of a Pomeranian

She'll keep you company in the bathroom

The thing I love most about the breed is their complete love and loyalty to their owner (only most of the time -- I feel she is my owner!). Her intelligence and personality are overwhelming, and I could spend hours telling you how remarkable she is, and all the things and words she knows.

Living with Emma is a joy I really appreciate. She is loving and so loyal, I sometimes feel she get stressed out just trying to spend all of her time with me. I haven't been to the bathroom by myself since she moved in with me!

You have to have a very firm hand (which I don't ...), but their love and companionship is so worth the little trials that occur. I have read in many books the Poms are hard to housebreak, but that is not true in this case.

Bad news: They shed terribly and Emma is black, so my carpet looks pretty much like beige and black polka dots! I wouldn't trade one moment of Emma's love and companionship for a million bucks, and with the economy as it is, that's saying a lot. If you decide on a Pom, you will never regret it. Emma is the love of my life, and I have never been happier with ANY pet in my life!

~Marilyn, owner of a Pomeranian

A fluffy and adorable little boss

I have a little Pom named Tasha who is about 5 now and she's just a little cutie. What I love about this breed is their adorable face and how easy they are to train. They love to learn new things, but just make sure you don't overdo it.

They can be sweet dogs, but then they can be little demons at times.Tasha tends to act like she's the boss of the house and sadly my dad doesn't do anything about it except babytalk her and pet her. If you get a Pomeranian, make sure that you actually discipline it when it does something bad or else it'll continue doing it.

If you have children, make sure your kids are old enough to know to be gentle with the dog and are able to hold it without dropping it. Pomeranians tend be very protective over their food, toys, or even their owners. My Pomeranian tends to be like that and when she has something that we don't want her to have, she's not afraid to put up a fight for it.
ood with other dogs from my experince but because of them being a very protective breed, they do tend to snap at them if they have a toy, food/treat, or even if they're near someone.

If you have other dogs, they should be fine together, but remember that if the Pomeranian has something or it's near someone, it might begin to get protective. It's a good breed but also a very dominant one.

~Susan T., owner of a Pomeranian

Cute and clean

I love that Pomeranians are not temperamental. They are very cute and clean. Taitan barks every now and then, just to alert me if someone is there.

If you're living in a condo or have a small space, I would suggest a Pomeranian. I just love them!

~lamesa E., owner of a Pomeranian